Abstract： Under the national development strategy of new urbanization, rural buildings would be updated rapidly whilst achieving a comprehensive green transformation. While under the impact of the modern system, more than 10 billion square-meter rural buildings kept a long term “spontaneous” passive evolution, and its construction was generally out of order. How to find out a scientific way, in which we can avoid huge inefficient massive investment and undesirable effects on the environment or the ecology in the renewal progress? This is a great challenge of architectural research in a long period. We need to clarify the target of architectural research, and establish an integrated approach, that is to combine architectural theory research, architectural design research, and architectural technology research, to summarize the technology rules in the tectonic experience of vernacular dwellings, and to innovate a variety of regional renewal modes adapting to the transformation of sustainable and healthy development of urbanization.